Driving Licence Entitlements

 

It can be confusing trying to distinguish between which vehicles you can and cannot drive just by looking at the back of your driving licence.

Our table will help you to work out what you can drive depending on your age and licence, and whether you need a D4 medical for the respective entitlement.

 

 

Category

Details

Is a D4 Medical needed?

B:
Cars
Vehicles up to 3,500kg Maximum Authorised Mass, (up to 8 passengers and can tow up to 750kg).
Also category B holders can tow a heavier trailer if MAM of vehicle and trailer is not more than 3,500kg.
No
B+E:
Cars and heavy trailer
Vehicles up to 3,500kg MAM with up to 8 passengers and a heavy trailer.

  • Drivers who passed their B+E practical test on or after 19th January 2013 have a limit of 3,500kg MAM for the trailer.
  • Drivers who passed their B+E practical test prior to the above date have no limit on trailer weight.
  • Drivers who passed their car (Cat. B) test before 1997 have B+E included in their licence.
No
C1:
Medium sized vehicles
Vehicles weighing between 3,500kg-7,500kg MAM with a trailer limit of 750kg MAM. Yes:

  • Drivers who passed their car test up until the end of 1996 normally have the C1 category as acquired rights and must have a medical every 3 years with the first at 70.
  • From January 1997 drivers must have a medical when applying for a provisional licence for the C1 category and must renew their medical every 5 years from 45 up to 65, then annually from 65.

 

C1E/C1+E:
Medium sized vehicles with heavy trailer
Vehicles weighing between 3,500kg-7500kg with a trailer over 750kg.

  • Drivers who passed their car test up to the end of 1996 have this category included in their licence but have a combined vehicle and trailer MAM of 8,250kg.
  • Drivers who passed their C1+E practical test from 1st January 1997 onwards can drive C1+E vehicles and trailers with a combined weight of up to 12,000kg MAM.
Yes:

  • Drivers who passed their car test up until the end of 1996 normally have the C1+E category as acquired rights and must have a medical every 3 years with the first at 70.
  • Drivers who passed their C1 practical test from 1st January 1997 onwards automatically receive C1+E category provisional licence. If a driver gains the full entitlement a medical must be renewed every 5 years from 45 up to 65, then annually from 65.

C:
Large goods vehicles
Vehicles over 3,500kg (trailer limit of 750kg) Yes:

    Drivers must have a medical when applying for a provisional licence for the C category and must renew their medical every 5 years from 45 up to 65, then annually from 65.

C+E:
Large goods vehicles with heavy trailer
Vehicles over 3,500kg with a trailer over 750kg. Yes:

  • Drivers who pass their category C practical test and then apply for category C+E provisional licence will not need another medical. If a driver gains the full entitlement a medical must be renewed every 5 years from 45 up to 65, then annually from 65.
D1:
Minibus
Minibus between 9 and 16 passengers seats (trailer limit of 750kg MAM)

  • Drivers who passed their car test before 1997 normally have the D1 category as acquired rights but cannot drive this category for hire or reward.
Yes:

  • Drivers who passed their car test before 1997 and wish to drive category D1 for hire or reward must have a medical when applying for a provisional licence and must renew their medical every 5 years from 45 up to 65, then annually from 65.
  • From January 1997 drivers must have a medical when applying for a provisional licence for the D1 category and must renew their medical every 5 years from 45 up to 65, then annually from 65.
D1+E:
Minibus with heavy trailer
Minibus with trailer over 750kg (limit of 12,000kg MAM combined weight)

  • Drivers who passed their car test before 1997 normally have the D1+E category as acquired rights but cannot drive this category for hire or reward.
Yes:

  • Drivers who passed their car test before 1997 and wish to drive category D1+E for hire or reward must have a medical when applying for a provisional licence and must renew their medical every 5 years from 45 up to 65, then annually from 65.
  • Drivers who passed their D1 practical test from 1st January 1997 onwards automatically receive a D1+E category provisional licence. If a driver gains the full entitlement a medical must be renewed every 5 years from 45 up to 65, then annually from 65.
D:
Bus
Bus with more than 8 passenger seats (trailer limit of 750kg MAM) Drivers must have a medical when applying for a provisional licence for the D category and must renew their medical every 5 years from 45 up to 65, then annually from 65.
D+E:
Bus with heavy trailer
Bus with more than 8 passenger seats with a trailer over 750kg.
  • Drivers who pass their category D practical test and then apply for category D+E provisional licence will not need another medical. If a driver gains the full entitlement a medical must be renewed every 5 years from 45 up to 65, then annually from 65.